Mole and Vole trapping in Weston, CT. Moles and voles tunnel underground and can cause sever damage to your lawn.
Meadow voles, commonly known as meadow mice, are stocky with small, but prominent, beady black eyes and almost concealed ears. Their short tails are about twice as long as their hind feet. Meadow voles are five to seven inches long at maturity and weigh twice as much as house mice. Their dense, shaggy fur is gray to brown with gray under-parts, sometimes mixed with yellow or buff.Their close relative, pine voles or pine mice, have smaller bodies, shorter tails, sunken eyes and underground burrow homes. Pine voles feed on plant roots and crowns.
In Connecticut, meadow voles are more abundant and destructive than pine voles. Meadow voles eat a wide variety of crops and plants, with a preference for grasses. When vole populations are high, many field crops are eaten. Their extensive tunnel systems cause root destruction and interfere with crop irrigation, as well. In late summer and fall, voles store seeds, tubers, bulbs and rhizomes in their tunnels. Voles are active day and night the entire year. They construct a complex tunnel system with surface runways and numerous burrow entrances. A single tunnel system may contain several adults and young. Voles have short life spans, ranging from two to sixteen months. Breeding occurs primarily in spring and summer, producing from one to five litters of three to six young per year. Females mature in 35 to 40 days.
However, moles are 6-8 inches in length, with extremely soft gray to brown fur. Of the six species that are found in North America only two are common lawn dwellers in Connecticut. These are the Eastern mole the Eastern mole is gray and has a nearly hairless short tail. The star-nosed mole has a long, very hairy tail and has 22 finger- like appendages surrounding its nostrils. The Eastern mole is the one most often encountered in home lawns.
Moles are small insectivores that live almost exclusively underground. While moles feed mostly on earthworms, they also will eat other sub-surface dwelling insects, such as beetle larva or grubs and a variety of nuts. The presence of moles in a yard does not necessarily indicate that grubs are present. To find out if this might be the case, check the areas where moles are actively tunneling to see if any grubs are present. The higher the number of grubs, the more tunnels may be seen as the mole or moles search them out. But keep in mind that moles are also found at the fringes of woods that are mostly hardwood trees. This is because the soils there may have many worms because of high organic matter content due to the breakdown of falling leaves.
Moles may actually reduce the number of underground insect pests of lawns as they can eat 70-80% of their weight daily but in doing so wreak havoc by their tunneling operations. Lawns must be tamped down continually to avoid root desiccation as roots hang in tunnels with no soil contact. Or lawns may be scalped when the pushed up grass is mowed, or as mower tires sink in the tunnels. If damage is great enough, homeowners need to take action.